Can Rabbits Eat Arugula?

As a vet who specializes in the care of rabbits, I often get asked about what foods are safe for these furry friends.

Arugula is one of those leafy greens that sparks curiosity among rabbit owners. I can say from my experience that arugula is not only safe for rabbits to eat but also provides a range of nutritional benefits.

It’s a great source of vitamins and should be integrated as part of a rabbit’s balanced diet.

When introducing arugula to your rabbit, it’s essential to do so gradually to ensure your pet adjusts well to the new food.

I’ve seen many rabbits enjoy the peppery taste of arugula, and it can be a tasty treat that adds variety to their diet.

Always remember to wash it thoroughly to remove any pesticides or contaminants and remove any wilted or yellow leaves, as these could potentially cause digestive issues.

Can Rabbits Eat Arugula?

Rabbit Diet Basics

As a vet who sees many fluffy pets, I can’t stress enough how pivotal a proper diet is for your rabbit. These cuddly critters need a balanced selection of foods to thrive.

Importance of Leafy Greens

Leafy greens are a staple in a rabbit’s diet.

I always remind my clients that greens like romaine lettuce, kale, and of course, arugula, should be included daily.

They’re packed with nutrients and low in calories, making them perfect for your bunny.

  • Vitamin A: Crucial for good vision and immune health.
  • Vitamin K: Aids in bone health and wound healing.
  • Fiber: Keeps their digestive system running smoothly.

Remember, diversity is key. Offering a variety of greens ensures your rabbit gets a spectrum of nutrients.

Safe Foods for Rabbits

In my practice, I encounter many well-meaning owners who aren’t sure about what’s safe for their rabbits to eat. Here’s a straightforward list to keep handy:


  • Bell peppers (any color; seeds removed)
  • Broccoli (stems and florets in moderation)

Fruits (treats only; very small amounts):

  • Apples (no seeds)
  • Blueberries

Ensure that these foods are fresh and washed properly to avoid pesticides. Balance is essential, so these should complement their primary diet of hay and a few quality pellets.

Benefits of Arugula for Rabbits

In my years as a vet specializing in rabbits, I’ve found arugula to be a great addition to their diet, thanks to its rich nutritional content and its role in supporting digestive health.

Nutritional Value

Arugula is a nutrient-dense leafy green that I often recommend for a rabbit’s diet. Here’s why:

  • Vitamins: It’s an excellent source of vitamins A, C, and K.
  • Vitamin A is crucial for rabbits for good vision and immune function, while vitamin C is an antioxidant that can help keep their skin healthy. Vitamin K is vital for blood clotting.
  • Minerals: This vegetable contains calcium and iron, important for strong bones and healthy blood, respectively.
NutrientImportance for Rabbits
Vitamin AEssential for vision and immune health
Vitamin CAntioxidant, promotes healthy skin
Vitamin KNecessary for blood clotting
CalciumBuilds strong bones
IronKey component of healthy blood

Digestive Health

From my experience, rabbits have sensitive digestive systems, and arugula can be beneficial in maintaining it.

It’s high in fiber, which is crucial for:

  • Digestive motility: Helps keep things moving smoothly through the gut.
  • Microflora balance: Supports the good bacteria in the rabbit’s digestive tract.

Keep in mind that while arugula can be beneficial for your rabbit, it should be given in moderation and as part of a balanced diet including hay, some pellets, and a variety of vegetables.

Too much of any vegetable, including arugula, can cause health problems, so always introduce any new food slowly and observe how your rabbit responds to it.

Feeding Arugula to Rabbits

Introducing arugula into a rabbit’s diet can provide them with essential vitamins and minerals, but it should be done responsibly to avoid digestive issues.

Portion Sizes

When I advise my clients on how much arugula to feed their rabbits, I emphasize moderation.

A good starting point is a couple of leaves per serving for a small to medium-sized rabbit.

I’ve created a table to offer guidance on how much arugula you can safely give your rabbit according to its weight:

Rabbit WeightArugula Portion Size
Under 2 lbs1 leaf
2-4 lbs1-2 leaves
Over 4 lbs2-3 leaves

Frequency of Feeding

I often get asked, “How often can I give my bunny arugula?”

My answer is always to feed arugula as a part of a varied diet.

This means that while arugula can be a healthy addition, it should not be offered daily.

I recommend including it in your rabbit’s meal rotation 2-3 times per week.

This ensures that your rabbit will get a mix of nutrients from different sources and prevents them from becoming picky eaters.

Remember, a diverse diet is key to a healthy rabbit, and arugula can certainly contribute to that when given in appropriate amounts and frequency.

Risks and Considerations

When it comes to feeding arugula to rabbits, it’s essential to understand the possible risks and careful balance required for their diet.

Potential Hazards

While arugula can be a nutritious addition to a rabbit’s diet, there are a couple of hazards to look out for:

  • High Calcium Content: Arugula contains a notable amount of calcium. While calcium is crucial for a rabbit’s bone health, excessive intake can lead to urinary stones and other complications.
  • Digestive Upset: Like all new foods introduced, arugula can sometimes cause digestive issues such as diarrhea, particularly if given in large quantities. Start with small amounts and observe your rabbit closely.
High CalciumCan cause urinary issues if overconsumed.Moderate serving sizes.
Digestive UpsetPossible diarrhea if fed in excess.Introduce arugula gradually.

Signs of Dietary Issues

As a vet, I’ve seen my fair share of dietary mishaps with rabbits. To ensure your rabbit stays healthy while enjoying arugula, monitor for these signs:

  • Change in Droppings: Watch for any change in size, color, or consistency of their stools.
  • Lethargy: If your bunny is less active or playful after consuming arugula, this may indicate it’s not agreeing with them.
  • Lack of Appetite: A sudden disinterest in food could be a symptom of gastrointestinal upset due to dietary changes.

If you notice any of these signs, it’s best to consult with your vet immediately to ensure the health and well-being of your furry friend.

Keeping a diary of dietary reactions can also be very helpful in tracking what works and what doesn’t in your rabbit’s diet.

Arugula Alternatives

While arugula is a healthy treat for rabbits, I’ve learned it’s important to offer them a variety of vegetables to ensure a balanced diet.

Other Rabbit-Safe Vegetables

In my practice, I advise pet owners that there are plenty of safe and nutritious vegetables that can be fed to rabbits alongside or instead of arugula. Here are a few that I often recommend:

  • Romaine Lettuce: It’s mild and hydrating.
  • Collard Greens: They’re packed with vitamins and minerals.
  • Radish Greens: Rabbits usually enjoy their slightly spicy taste.
  • Carrot Tops: Rich in fiber, but should be given in moderation due to high calcium.

Remember, when introducing a new vegetable to your rabbit’s diet, do it gradually to avoid digestive upsets.

Diversity in Diet

I like to tell my clients the tale of Thumper, one of my patient rabbits, whom I advised to be placed on a more diverse diet.

Variety not only prevents boredom in rabbits but is also crucial for providing a range of nutrients.

  • Fresh Hay: Should be the bulk of their diet; provides essential fiber.
  • Leafy Greens: A mix should constitute about 10% of the diet; offers variety and nutrients.
  • Quality Pellets: Supplementary to the fresh food; ensures a well-rounded diet.

I always emphasize that fresh, clean water must be available at all times, and treats should be given sparingly.


Can rabbits eat arugula?
Absolutely! As a vet who specializes in rabbits, I often recommend including arugula as part of a rabbit’s diet because it’s not toxic and is rich in nutrients.

How much arugula can my rabbit have?
Moderation is key. I suggest offering arugula as a treat rather than the main component of their diet.

A couple of leaves a few times a week is a good measure.

A few leaves2-3 times/week

Is arugula beneficial for rabbits?
Yes, it is. Arugula contains vitamins and minerals that are beneficial for rabbits.

However, it’s high in calcium, so it’s best given in moderation to prevent urinary issues.

Will arugula harm my rabbit?
In my experience, arugula is safe for rabbits if given properly.

But, giving too much can lead to digestive issues due to its calcium content. Monitor your rabbit’s intake and adjust as necessary.

What if my rabbit doesn’t like arugula?
That’s okay! Rabbits have personal taste preferences.

If your bunny turns up its nose at arugula, just offer a variety of other greens.

How should I introduce arugula to my rabbit?
Start small. Offer a tiny piece of arugula to see how your rabbit reacts.

If there are no adverse effects after 24 hours, you can gradually increase the amount.


As a vet specializing in rabbit care, I’ve seen plenty of happy, healthy rabbits enjoying a varied diet.

Arugula is a fantastic choice to include in your bunny’s meal rotation.

Not only is it safe for rabbits, but it also supplies significant nutrients: vitamins and minerals essential for your rabbit’s health.

Feeding Guidelines:

  • Occasional Treat: Arugula should be given as a part of a varied diet, alongside hay and other greens.
  • Moderation is Key: Too much can cause digestive issues, so it’s best served in moderation.

In my practice, I often suggest introducing new foods like arugula slowly to your rabbit’s diet.

Some rabbits might find arugula’s peppery taste a bit surprising at first, but most grow to enjoy the flavor.


Food TypeFrequencyNotes
ArugulaOccasionalRich in vitamins
HayDailyMain diet component
PelletsDailyIn limited amounts
Other VeggiesVariedFor nutritional balance

It’s incredibly rewarding to see a rabbit’s diet doing wonders for their wellbeing.

Just picture the bright, alert eyes and soft, sleek fur of a rabbit that’s eating right – arugula can be part of that picture.

Always keep a close eye on your rabbit when you introduce something new, and if you have any concerns, don’t hesitate to reach out to your vet – we’re here to help keep your furry friend hopping happily!

Maurice Alice

Dr. Maurice Alice is a veterinary expert with over 10 years of experience in exotic animal medicine, specializing in dental care for rabbits and rodents. He is dedicated to providing exceptional care for his patients and is passionate about promoting animal welfare.

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